Automobiles play a vital role in the everyday lives of the majority of individuals worldwide. Each year, numerous significant advancements are introduced into the automotive industry, with the majority of manufacturers seeking new methods to enhance the driving experience. These advancements can be related to a vehicle’s safety, comfort, aesthetic appearance, performance and perhaps most importantly the efficiency. In the present day, vehicles are now equipped with multiple features for enhancing the efficiency or miles per gallon of the car, and for good reasons. Given that these electric vehicles simply do not have as many parts as a standard gasoline powered vehicle, there is less maintenance costs associated with an electric vehicle’s ownership. Additionally, due to the rising costs of gasoline, more car owners are considering making the switch to electrical vehicles.

Despite an electrical vehicle’s lack of maintenance costs, there are still some reasons as to why there is a limited number of them on the road. According to a AAA survey conducted in 2018, over 58% of car owners claim that they would not purchase an electric vehicle for the fear of running out of electricity while driving. Opposingly, over 20% of car owners claim that they would consider purchasing an electric vehicle as their next vehicle, which is up from 15% in 2017.

Electric vehicles are truly an impressive invention. Not only do they cause significantly less pollution to the environment, they are nearly silent when driving. However, many individuals still question, “How Does an Electric Vehicle Work?” The way they operate is quite simple actually, as they simply utilize electricity that is stored in a battery pack, powering the electrical motor and ultimately turning the wheels. When these batteries are depleted, they can be recharged using grid electricity, such as a simple wall socket.

When observing under the hood of a traditional gasoline powered vehicle, it may seem like an intricate design. When observing under the hood of an electric car on the other hand, the first noticeable difference is that the gasoline engine is now replaced by an electric motor. The heart of an electric vehicle consists of this electric motor, the motor’s controller and batteries. The controller is the component that draws power from the battery and delivers it to the electrical motor. When a driver floors the acceleration pedal of an electrical vehicle, which is connected to a pair of potentiometers, a signal is provided by these potentiometers to the controller, ultimately telling it to emit full power.

Since electric vehicles do not have gasoline or even pistons, they can emit much greater force than a standard gasoline powered car. This is because obtaining electrons from a battery to an electric motor is accomplished at a much faster rate than obtaining fuel from a gas tank to a piston. Although there is fuel traveling through gasoline lines, fuel injectors and gas pumps during idle on a gasoline powered vehicle, a greater amount of fuel is necessary to make the vehicle accelerate at a rapid rate. On the other hand, an electrical motor creates the maximum amount of torque at no rotations per minute and continues to emit the same amount of torque at all rotations-per-minute. Electrical vehicles are expected to dominate the automobile industry by the year 2024, which is comprehensible considering all of their great benefits and features.